After reading this older article while searching for current methods to stop a hurricane I was kind of let down by the fact it seems most current valid methods to stop a hurricane aren't being attempted. We have already had 4 hurricanes within the last month and no one is even trying anything.
The article I am referring to - http://www.popsci.com/science/article/2012-11/why-can’t-we-stop-hurricane-it-hits-us#page-3
Saying we shouldn't stop a hurricane because of unintended consequences seems irrational given we move water across the globe along with many gases, trash, etc.. with little regard. At least trying to stop a hurricane seems a worthy effort given the cost of attempting to stop something and succeeding would cost less then the damage it produces. If we eventually want to terraform other planets we should figure out how to control Earth.
If you aren't familiar with the process of terraforming you can look here - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Terraforming.
The process will never be understood if we can't understand our own Earth processes. We need accurate models and readings from our Earth's surface, oceans, airways and interior. Once we collect data we can do what many meteorologists already do. They create models or movement. I think employing artificial intelligence to this area will greatly improve the speed of our mastery in this area.